Biryani: The Most Lovable and Famous Dish

Biryani is the National dish of India, as everyone loves it unanimously in the country. Not just in India, this evergreen classic dish is even popular in different parts of the world, including Jogja.

The mention of biryani can make you hungry at any time – no matter it is morning, noon, or night. For those who cannot live without rice, biryani is a heavenly word. There are various types of biryani, depending on local and hyper-local variations and different cooking styles of people from different regions.

The delicious blend of biryani rice and complex flavours of spices gives a unique aroma to this Indian cuisine. If you’ve ever tasted biryani, you know what the hype is all about. After all, there’s no other dish in the world as royal and richly flavoured as biryani.

What is Biryani?

Biryani is a tasty mixed rice dish that can be enjoyed alone or combined with any Indian curry to enhance its flavour. Biryani is famous throughout the Indian subcontinent and its diaspora.

Preparing biryani masala and cooking this semi-cooked rich dish takes practice and time to make. But the effort put in to make this Indian recipe is worth it.

When the long-grained rice is flavoured with Indian spices.

like saffron, bay leaf, cloves, garam masala, etc. and layered with chicken, lamb, vegetables, or fish dishes with thick gravy, its taste is simply mind-blowing, and cannot be compared to any other recipe in the world.

Who Invented Biryani?

Biryani is known to be invented by Muslims of the Indian subcontinent. However, it came to India very late.
Biryani is derived from the Persian word “Birian” which means “fried before cooking” and “Birinj” that’s the Persian word for rice.

Biryani Shrimp
Biryani Shrimp

Although there are so many theories on how this dish was brought to India, it’s often accepted to have originated in West Asia among Muslims of India.

Types of Biryani?

The following are some famous biryani recipes you must know about:

  • Sindhi Biryani: This aromatic type of biryani is famous in Pakistan. It is known for its fragrance, spicy taste, and delicate meat.
  • Hyderabadi Biryani: It is the most popular biryani in India. It consists of goat meat that’s marinated and further cooked with rice, along with coconut and saffron seasoning.
  • Malabar Biriyani: It is popular in Kerala, an Indian state, and often enjoyed by the Malabar Muslim community with ghee.
  • Calcutta/Kolkata Biryani: This famous biryani is made using eggs and potatoes and, sometimes, includes meat marinated with nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, cardamom, and other spices.
  • Lucknowi Biryani: It is based on the Persian cooking style and makes use of the dum pukht method wherein the meat and gravy are cooked partially and then layered and served in a handi.
  • Mughlai Biryani: It is typically cooked with chicken, curd, ghee, almond paste, dry fruits, and green chillies for rich flavour.
  • Kalyani Biryani: This biryani contains some chunks of buffalo meat. It is often referred to as “poor man’s Hyderabadi biryani,” as it doesn’t contain any expensive ingredients.

Why is Biryani Rice So Popular?

Biryani is popular because of:

  • Its rich flavour
  • It is a hearty meal that one can enjoy at any hour of the day or night
  • It is appealing to every palate and age group

Some Amazing Facts about Biryani

  • Chicken Biryani is known to be the most ordered dish on online food apps, as per a survey conducted in 2018.
  • Biryani is the most Googled dish all across the world for its recipe.
  • There are over 20 types of biryani recipes, such as Hyderabadi Biryani, Kashmiri Biryani, Lucknawi Biryani, Calcutta Biryani, Malabar Biriyani or Thalassery Biryani, Ambur Biryani, Mughlai Biryani, Sindhi Biryani, Beary Biryani, Bhatkali Biryani, Kozhi Biryani, Assamese Kampuri Biryani, and more.
  • The sub-classification and classification of biryani differ based on the Metallurgy used for cooking. The material of the cooking pot used to prepare biryani makes a great difference in the recipe. Traditionally, biryani is cooked in an earthen pot. But over time people started cooking it in different types of cooking pots.
  • You can enjoy biryani with different combinations of drinks. Most people prefer beer with it; however, North Indians like to have biryani with lassi (buttermilk).

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